From 1986 to 2006, northern Uganda lived through the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency and became an epicentre of violent conflict and subsequent criminal activities. While Uganda is currently viewed as a safe, secure and politically stable country with improved infrastructure, and while progress has been made towards peace recovery and development, there is, nonetheless, widespread concern about a wide range of criminal activities that permeate the region. This report presents findings of a field research study on victim-offender relationships that was conducted between September and November 2016 in the northern districts of Lira and Kitgum in Lango and Acholi sub-regions respectively. The study focused on understanding how existing justice models impact on community cohesion, with respect to relationships between ex-prisoners and their former victims, as well as the goals, meanings and outcomes of individual reconciliation processes.  (more…)


This survey aimed at exploring and analysing the factors affecting community perception and receptiveness of ex-inmates in order to inform the effective implementation of the project. The survey specifically focused on: the social and economic developments, opportunities and risks in the community with special regard to reintegrating ex-inmates into the community; the structures of current activities and programmes in support of youth and ex-inmates; the social factors affecting ex-inmates in the reintegration process; the regulatory environment and legal impact assessment with regard to the employability and reintegration of ex-inmates; access to relevant vital information to ex-inmates and the impact of the information on their performance; community acceptance of ex-inmates and who the key players are in that effort at community level; and the perception and reaction of the community towards the criminal justice system and prison in particular.  (more…)


The goal of this qualitative study has been to establish and understand the major challenges that ex-prisoners in northern Uganda face on their release from prison. As reintegration into the community is a key element of an ex-prisoner’s successful transition out of prison, this study focused specifically on the challenges that ex-prisoners face as they attempt to re-join their communities. As incidents of mob action increase (Uganda Police, 2013: 3) research is necessary to ensure the safety and livelihoods of ex-prisoners. A secondary focus of this study was to observe how entrepreneurship training for ex-prisoners might assist with reintegration. The following report summarises the findings of this study, including qualitative evidence, theoretical context from pre-existing research in the areas of rehabilitation and reintegration, as well as preliminary recommendations for future interventions and research. (more…)


The baseline study conducted in districts of Abim and Lira established that farming was the dominant economic activity and a dominant source of livelihoods. Data was collected through interviews with farmers, district authorities, security agencies and produce buyers in districts of Abim and Lira. Focus Group Discussions were also conducted with members of farmers’ associations. Cassava, maize and millet were the three most cultivated crops, with millet cultivated by 24% of small scale farmers, cassava cultivated by 31% and maize cultivated by 29%. These crops were intercropped or rotated with bananas, sim sim, beans, sun flower and sweet potatoes.  (more…)