This report presents findings and recommendations on the assessment of the business environment for micro and small enterprises in northern Uganda. The study was conducted in 8 districts of Acholi and Lango sub-region to assess the business environment in the region with a view to illuminating the opportunities and challenges of small enterprises. Data was collected through surveys involving local communities, business community, business associations, ex-prisoners, district commercial officers and credit institutions. The analysis of findings that this report presents is divided into two broad sections. The findings that relate to the general participants in micro and small businesses constitute the first part of the report. The second section presents the analysis of data generated from ex-prisoners, who were fewer than the other participants.